Day 22 Study - God The Holy Spirit


As we have already learned, there are many descriptive Greek words that cannot be well translated into one English word.  It often takes a number of English words to accurately communicate the full meaning of one Greek word.  The word Parakletos and Paraklesis are good examples of this problem.


Paraklesis literally means "side-calling," better understood as a "calling to one's side."  It is used to describe the act of standing by someone to help them, by giving them comfort, encouragement, strength, or advise.  This word is translated in various places in the Bible as consolation, comfort and encouragement.


Parakletos literally means "side-called," and it is used to mean "the person called to one's side."  This is someone who is capable of giving aid, in any number of ways.  It was used in a court of law to denote someone giving legal assistance, such as a counselor for the defense, or to denote someone who pleads another's case for them as an advocate or intercessor.  The word is often  used to mean someone who gives help by giving comfort, encouragement, strength or advice.  This word is translated in different versions of the Bible as Counselor, Comforter, Advocate, and Helper.


The Jews had long spoken of the Messiah who was to come as the Comfort or Consolation of Israel (Menahem in the Hebrew).  In Luke 2:25-26, we see an example of the Messiah being spoken of as the Consolation of Israel.  The word Consolation in this verse is the Greek word Paraklesis.


... we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous...     

(1 John 2: NIV)


The word Advocate in this verse is the Greek word Parakletos.  In the New International Version, this word is translated as "One who speaks.. in our defense."  In the Amplified Bible, this word is explained as "One who will intercede for us".


As we have seen, Jesus Christ is the Parakletos - our Counselor, Comforter, Strengthner, Advocate, Intercessor, and Helper.


Shortly before the time when Jesus was going to be crucified, He explained to His dixciples that He was going to send them another Parakletos.


"And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Counselor to be with you forever - the Spirit of Truth.  The world cannot accept Him, because it neither see Him or knows Him.  But you know Him, for He lives with you and will be in you.  I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you."   -Jesus  (John 14:16-18)


Allos Parakletos

The underlined words above (another Counselor) are the Greek words allos Parakletos.  The word allos means "another of the same kind". It is the opposite of heteros, meaning "different", or "another of a different kind".  Both the words allos and heteros are translated "another" in some Bibles (like the King James Version), and this can be confusing.  It's important to realize the difference.   Jesus was saying He was going to send another Parakletos that is the same kind as He is.  Jesus is God, and the second Parakletos is also God.   Jesus came as Immanuel, God with us, and the Holy Spirit has now come to be God in us.


God in us

But you know Him, for He lives with  you and will be in you.  I will not leave you as orphans; I  will come to you."     -Jesus (John 14:17-18)


Jesus told His disciples that they already knew the Counselor to come, because He lived with them.. They knew this Spirit of truth already because He was in Jesus, who lived among them.  The God-man Jesus was completely filled to capacity with God the Spirit.  In John 3:34, John the Baptist told his disciples:


...God does not give Him [Jesus] His spirit sparingly or by measure...      

(John 3:34 AMP)


Next Jesus told His disciples that this same Spirit of God that lived with them would soon be IN them.  Just as Jesus was indwelt by the Spirit of God, so He promised the disciples that they would be indwelt also.  The work of Jesus was to sanctify us by His sacrifice for our sin, so that God the Spirit could make His dwelling place IN us.  In the beginning, God created us for that purpose.  Because of Jesus' crucifixion, this promise became a reality.


The Trinity in us

Next, notice the beautiful evidence of God's perfect unity in His Triune (three part) being.  Jesus said: " I will come to you".  Jesus Himself has returned to live in us through the Holy Spirit.


Also notice that Jesus said: "I will not leave you as orphans..."  An orphan is a child without a Father.  Jesus tells us that we will not be Fatherless.  Just as Jesus and the Father are One,  the Father also lives in us through the Holy Spirit.


"  If anyone loves Me, he will obey My teaching.  My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our home with him."      -Jesus (John 14:23)


In this verse, Jesus promised that both the Father and the Son would come to make their home with us.  The Father and the Son now live in us personally through the Holy Spirit.


The Limits of the Flesh

Even though we have known Christ according to the flesh, yet now we know Him thus no longer.  (2 Cor. 5:16 NKJV)


God is unlimited in all His attributes, but man is very limited in every way.  When Jesus became a man, He willingly submitted Himself to certain limitations as a result.  God can be everywhere at once, but the man Jesus could not.  God can work and speak in many peoples lives at once, but the man Jesus had to concentrate on one thing at a time, just like we must.  Even those disciples who were closest to the Lord probably had very little private time with Him.  Crowds followed Him wherever He went.  Thousands cried out for His personal attention.  Getting private time with Jesus was next to impossible - He was too much in demand.  And He was, after all, a man.


It was absolutely crucial to God's plan and to our salvation that the Son of God become a man to reveal Himself to us, to live with us, to die for us, and to rise again.  But our fellowship with God was not meant to be a physical, earthly relationship with a human leader.  For our risen Lord to finish His perfect work, the man Jesus had to leave the earth again, so that our fellowship with Him could truly become a spiritual relationship, a personal unity with the unlimited and ever-present God.


• Read John 16:7.  Why was it absolutely necessary for Jesus to go away ?



Indwelling of the second Parakletos

The second Parakletos, or Counselor , would come only after the first parakletos had returned from the earth.  God the Spirit came to continue the Ministry of God the Son without the bondage  of human flesh to stand in the way.  God would not longer live personally with only a few selected disciples, but now He would live in the hearts of all who wanted Him.  He would no longer be a hero at a distance, but He would have a personal and intimate relationship with everyone who would respond to His love.


We will continue to study many of the different ways that the Holy Spirit works in our lives in future chapters.  In the remainder of this chapter, we will see that the indwelling of the Holy Spirit is promised to ALL believers, and that He comes to live in us when we believe in Jesus Christ as our Lord and Savior.


The Spirit in all Believers

• Read John 3:5-6.  Can we enter the kingdom of God without the Holy Spirit?



• Read Titus 3:5-6.  From verse 5: When God saved us, how were we renewed?



• In verse 6, how much are we told that God poured the Holy Spirit out on us through Jesus Christ?



• Read Romans 8:9.  Is there anyone belonging to Christ who does not have the Holy Spirit?



• Read Romans 8: 14-16.  In verse 14, Who are the sons of God?



• In verse 15, what did we receive?



• In verse 16, how do we know that we  are Gods children?




• Read 1 John 4:13.  How do we know that we live in God and He lives in us?



• Read 1 Corinthians 6:19-20.  What has the believers body become?



• Read Ephesians 1: 13-14.  When we first believed in Jesus, how were we sealed in Him and guaranteed an inheritance?


• Read Acts 2: 38-39.  Who will receive the Holy Spirit?



• Who is the promise of the Spirit given to?



As you have seen, the promise of the Holy Spirit is for all who believe in Jesus Christ.  The Holy Spirit is necessary for salvation.  It is not possible to be a believer in Jesus Christ without having the Holy Spirit living within.  If you have received Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, you have been give the Spirit!!  He came to live in you when you first believed in Jesus.


Different Experiences

Often times, different people have very different experiences with the Spirit of God.  Although all true believers have the Spirit of God living in them, many people have special experiences in being filled with the Spirit.  Some people have the experience of being completely overcome and filled to capacity by the Spirit at one particular time, and some others experience this type of filling at many times.  Some people feel an overwhelming filling at the very moment of conversion.  Other people may experience wonderful fillings months or years later.  We'll talk more about being filled with the Holy Spirit and how this happens in future chapters.


Different Gifts

The Spirit of God also gives different gifts to different people.  Just as we all have different strong points and weak points, we all have different abilities.  Some of these abilities are natural talents that God gave us from birth.  Some may be supernatural abilities we never had before, miraculously given by the Holy Spirit.  We'll also talk about the gifts of the Spirit in future chapters.


There are different kinds of gifts, but the same Spirit.  There are different kinds of service, but the same Lord.  There are different kinds of working, but the same God works all of them in all men.  Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good.          (1 Corinthians 12:4-7)


God does it His way!

God reveals Himself in very different ways in different people's lives, and we should not expect everyone to have exactly the same experiences or the same gifts.  If we insist that God always works the same way all the time, we are putting God in a box.  Don't be surprised when He won't stay there.  He is God Almighty, the Sovereign Lord of all, and we would be wise to let Him do whatever He wants to do-whenever and however He wants to do it!


Fruits of the Spirit

The Spirit wants to produce good fruit in all of our lives, and the Bible teaches much about these attributes of the new creation.  We've already studied about many fruits of the Spirit (for example month 1, chapter 4 pp 71-75),  and we'll study much more soon. One again, reviewing is an excellent idea! We'll learn much more about the Spirit later.  These last two pages have been a preview of our future studies.


• Starting tomorrow, we will begin our series of five daily devos focusing on the Spirit of God.  As you spend time in prayer everyday, ask God to help you become completely yielded to His Spirit, so that He can fill you more and more all the time!  There is nothing more exciting or satisfying than being filled with the Holy Spirit!